This paper presents the development of a low-cost cataract surgery simulator for trainees to practise phacoemulsification procedures with computer-generated models in virtual environments. It focuses on the training of cornea incision, capsulorrhexis and phaco-sculpting, which are simulated interactively with computationally efficient algorithms developed for tissue deformation, surface cutting and volume sculpting. Intuitive two-handed human–computer interactions are achieved with six degrees-of-freedom haptic devices. Performance of trainees on manual dexterity is recorded with quantifiable metrics. The proposed virtual-reality system has the potential to serve as an alternative training tool to supplement conventional cataract surgery education.
- K.S. Choi, S. Soo, F.L. Chung. A virtual training simulator for learning cataract surgery with phacoemulsification. Computers in Biology and Medicine, vol. 39, no. 11, November, 2009, pp. 1020-1031. [Science Direct]
- K.S. Choi. Application of Virtual Reality in Cataract Surgery Simulation for Ophthalmology Training. In: Cataracts: Causes, Symptoms, and Surgery, ISBN: 978-1-61728-312-3. [Nova Publishers]